Is characterized by an inability to fall sleep and/or remain asleep for a reasonable period of time. Insomniacs typically complain of being unable to close their eyes or “rest their mind” for more than a few minutes at a time. Both organic and nonorganic insomnia constitute a sleep disorder. It is often caused by fear, stress, anxiety, medications, herbs, caffeine, or sometimes for no apparent reason. An overactive mind or physical pain may also be a cause. Finding the underlying cause of insomnia is necessary to treat it.
is characterized by pauses in breathing during sleep. These episodes, called apneas (without breath), each last long enough so one or more breaths are missed, and occur repeatedly throughout sleep. There are two distinct forms of sleep apnea; Central and Obstructive. In Central Sleep Apnea, breathing is interrupted by the lack of effort while Obstructive Sleep Apnea, breathing is interrupted by a physical block to airflow despite effort. Regardless of type, an individual affected with sleep apnea is rarely aware of having difficulty breathing, even upon awakening.
is the act of breathing through the open mouth in a manner as to cause a vibration of the uvula and soft palate, giving rise to a sound which may vary from a soft noise to a loud unpleasant or disturbing sound. The cause of snoring is due to a blockage in the airway passage. When the airflow in the breathing passage becomes irregular due to a blockage, the soft palate will start vibrating. This vibrating of the soft palate is what causes the snoring sound.
Snoring is a problem when:
• you stop breathing during sleep and have to wake up to catch your breath
• you are disturbing your sleep partner, house mates or neighbors
• you are losing sleep because of your snoring.
In addition to problems stemming from sleep deprivation, snoring can cause more serious health problems. Snoring has been linked to increased risk of stroke, diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease. Snoring can also be a symptom of sleep apnea.
is a neurological condition characterized by Excessive Daytime Sleepiness (EDS) and unintended episodes of sleep. The main characteristic is overwhelming excessive daytime sleepiness, even after adequate nighttime sleep. A person with narcolepsy is likely to become drowsy or to fall asleep, often at inappropriate times and places. Daytime naps may occur with or without warning and may be irresistible. These naps can occur several times a day. They are typically refreshing, but only for a few hours. Drowsiness may persist for prolonged periods of time. In addition, night-time sleep may be accompanied with frequent awakenings.
is a loss of muscle atonia (paralysis) during otherwise intact REM sleep. REM sleep is the stage of sleep in which most vivid dreaming occurs. This loss of motor inhibition leads to a wide range of behavioral releases during sleep from simple limb twitches to more complex integrated movements where the sufferers appear to be unconsciously acting out their dreams. These behaviors can be violent and my result in injury to either the patient of their bed partner.
Various other conditions that are similar to RBD include sleepwalking and sleep terrors, which are associated with other stages of sleep, nocturnal seizures and obstructive sleep apnea which can induce arousals from REM sleep to differentiate these various conditions, a polysomnography is necessary to confirm an RBD diagnosis.
Is a neurological disorder that is poorly understood. RLS may be described as the uncontrollable urge to move the limbs in order to stop uncomfortable, painful or odd sensations in the body, most commonly in the legs. Moving the affected body part reduces the sensations, providing temporary relief however, the sensation and need to move may return immediately after ceasing movement, or at a later time.
RLS may start at any age, including in early childhood, and is a progressive disease for a certain portion of those afflicted. It can often result in lifelong insomnia unless properly treated.
is a sleep disorder where the patient moves involuntarily during sleep. It may range from a small movement in the ankles and toes to wild flailing of all four limbs. These movements are more common in the legs than arms and occur for between 0.5 and 10 seconds, recurring at intervals of 5 to 90 seconds. A diagnosis of PLMD requires documentation of these movements observed on a polysomnogram diagnostic exam performed in a sleep lab.
What are the most common PAP therapy devices?
Phillips Respironics Dream Station information and videos:
ResMed Air Sense information and videos:
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